Causes and Treatment of Pollen Allergy

Causes and Treatment of Pollen Allergy

Pollen allergy is often caused by pollen grains released by plants, trees and weeds and can be spread easily by wind / Photo by 123rf.com

 

Allergies are a condition that can be controlled and managed as long as you’re aware of what factors trigger their attack. High up on the list of possible reasons are pollens. Remember when you’re outside the house and you start having a sneezing fit the moment you come near a bed of flowers? You might be having a case of pollen allergy already.

 

Understanding more about pollen allergy

Pollen allergy is also known as “hay fever” or “seasonal allergic rhinitis.” As the name implies, the allergy is often caused by pollen grains released by plants, trees, and weeds. Because they are lightweight, they are easily spread by the wind.

Grasses and ragweed are considered to be some of the main culprits when it comes to pollen allergy. They belong to a species of plants that pollinate by releasing their pollens into the air. On the other hand, plants and trees that are pollinated by insects do not cause any pollen allergy.

 

Determining pollen allergy causes

There are a lot of plant species that can cause pollen allergy. This is why you need to look out for those that may release allergens that will affect you. They include birch tree and oak pollens during spring and grass pollen during summer. Other pollen allergens can come from ragweed, and proliferate in the air during late spring up to the end of fall.

Oftentimes, these pollens can stay in the air for long periods of hours and travel several miles from their point of origin.

 

Effect of pollen: allergic eyes

There several possible effects when allergy strikes due to inhalation of pollen. Allergic eyes are a common symptom, and it is caused by the immune system’s immediate reaction to a foreign body. When pollens are inhaled, the person’s immune system secretes chemicals to fight off the foreign object. This, in turn, causes the eyes to itch and water, and the eyelids to swell. The person may also experience a runny nose and excessive sneezing.

 

Surgery as a cure for recurring cases of allergy

Excessive irritation of the body may lead to a person suffering from an allergy to have swollen sinuses that can cause difficulty in breathing and an uncomfortable feeling regarding their senses of smell and taste. Sometimes, and in extreme situations, surgery may be the only solution especially if complications begin to show after repeated and more intense cases of allergic reactions occur.

There are two main types of surgery that can be conducted: endoscopy and balloon sinuplasty. Endoscopy refers to the insertion into the nose of an instrument called an endoscope. It has a camera attached at the end of its tube so that doctors can see where the sinuses are blocked and successfully remove polyps, scar tissue, and others. Balloon sinuplasty uses a small balloon that is inserted into the nose and then inflated at the blocked area. This clears the passageways and helps the sinuses to drain better.

 

Simple pollen allergy treatment

Prevention is the best way to combat allergic reactions. Minimizing exposure to possible allergens such as pollens is a great way to avoid having a terrible runny nose and watery eyes. Keeping away from areas where there are possible allergens or wearing a mask definitely helps.

Medications are another great solution for pollen allergy as these do not require any surgery and can easily be administered by anyone as long as proper dosages are followed. Antihistamines and decongestants are both over-the-counter drugs and are effective in relieving the discomfort caused by an allergy.

 

Homemade pollen allergy remedy

There is a lot of quick and easy pollen allergy remedies that can be made at home using available ingredients. Herbs and extracts can relieve irritation of the nose and can help soothe nerves that are itchy and sore.

Some simple habits such as washing the clothes worn outside or using a vacuum on them to collect all pollens that got attached to the fabric can also prevent further allergy episodes. Being diligent in keeping yourself and your nose away from allergens means a lot in preventing any case of pollen allergy.